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Memento : Issue 30
front cover: Zara Holt’s many talents included fashion design, and these models sport two of her creations for Australia’s Olympic team bound for Mexico City. In Tom Frame’s new book, The Life and Death of Harold Holt, Zara plays an influential role in her husband’s career (see page 4). Back cover: Model Joan Caulfield, soon to play the leading role in a new show by US writer and director George Abbott, is fitted for a ‘curveless’ formal evening suit, the latest creation by custom tailors in 1943. NAA: MP5/75, Box 1  NAA:A1500,K19307 2 memeNto News from the National Archives September 2005 Issue 30 ISSN 1327-4155 subscriptions: Tel: (02) 6212 3609 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org editorial inquiries: Tel: (02) 6212 3738 Email: email@example.com address: Queen Victoria Terrace Parkes ACT 2600 internet: www.naa.gov.au/publications National Archives contacts National reference service Tel: 1300 886 881 Fax: 1300 886 882 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Defence service records World War I and World War II Email: email@example.com Memento is a free publication of the National Archives of Australia. In the period during and after World War I, federal authorities throughout Australia paid particular attention to any anti-government agitation. Groups and individuals suspected of disloyalty were carefully monitored. In 1919, a series of violent ideological clashes known as the red flag riots occurred in Brisbane. Records relating to the red flag riots are held by the National Archives and can be viewed as part of our foyer display ‘The Most Disloyal State’ – Investigations and intelligence activity in Queensland, 1914–23 at the Archives’ Brisbane office until 30 September. The story of the riots is recounted below. On Sunday 23 March 1919 about 300 people gathered at the Trades Hall in Brisbane to protest against the War Precautions Act, which gave the Government authority to make laws about anything that affected the war effort. Protesters were concerned about the uneven restriction of civil liberties under such legislation. The route from the Trades Hall to the Domain was a well-trodden one for socialists, anti- war campaigners and other groups opposing the policies of the Hughes government but the events following the demonstration on this day were to prove anything but ordinary. At the time, certain federal officials, returned servicemen and Empire loyalists viewed Queensland as fertile ground for fostering anti-government agitation and disloyalty. A Special Intelligence Bureau branch, charged with monitoring and investigating acts of disloyalty, had been Queensland’s red flag riots (above) ‘Law and order upheld, “Red Monday”, South Brisbane, 24 March 1919’, Queensland Police Union Journal, 11 June 1919. Reproduced here courtesy of the Queensland Police Museum (centre) Captain George Frederick Ainsworth, the first Commonwealth Intelligence Officer appointed in Queensland. Photograph courtesy of Dr John Ainsworth (upper right) Daily Standard, 25 March 1919. NAA: A456, W26/241 (lower right) Daily Mail, 24 March 1919. NAA: A456, W26/241