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Memento : Issue 28
More than half a century ago, finalists in the 1952 Miss Pacific contest, Mary Clifton Smith, Pamela Jansen and Judy Worrad posed on Bondi Beach. This iconic image will feature in our photographic exhibition, Summers Past, in December 2005. See story on p. 18. National Archives contacts National Reference Service Tel: 1300 886 881 Fax: 1300 886 882 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org World War I service records Email: email@example.com World War II service records Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Memento is a free publication of the National Archives of Australia. It is issued three times a year in hard copy and online. To subscribe, fax, phone or email us (see details below). Subscriptions: Tel: (02) 6212 3609 Fax: (02) 6212 3914 Email: email@example.com Editorial inquiries: Tel: (02) 6212 3923 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Address: Queen Victoria Terrace Parkes ACT 2600 PO Box 7425 Canberra Business Centre ACT 2610 Internet: www.naa.gov.au/publications NAA: A1500, K1220 2 MEMENTO News from the National Archives The National Archives is an Australian government agency. January 2005 Issue 28 ISSN 1327-4155 The latest addition to our series of research guides is John Curtin: Guide to Archives of Australia's Prime Ministers, by David Black and Lesley Wallace. A collaborative work between the National Archives and the John Curtin Prime Ministerial Library, this guide draws on the substantial records held by both organisations and other archival institutions. The guide reveals much about John Curtin, the man, as well as John Curtin, Prime Minister of Australia for most of World War II. Although deservedly admired for his courage and leadership during World War II, John Joseph Ambrose Curtin was much more than Australia's wartime Prime Minister. Long before his pivotal role in guiding Australia through its darkest times, John Curtin was fired by a sense of justice for all. His keen social conscience led him first into the labour movement of the early Federation years and then into politics. In many ways Curtin's greatest battles were fought long before he found himself, a pacifist, leading Australia Amanof through its most perilous times. Poverty, depression, self-doubt and addiction were no strangers to him. It took courage, determination, and the help of friends and family for John Curtin to remake himself into a hero for all Australians. From the idealistic socialist of the early years of the 20th century to a political pragmatist who understood ordinary working folk, Curtin became a leader of unexpected depth and resolve. A passionate anti-conscriptionist, Curtin sacrificed his own ideals in 1943 to introduce limited conscription. His grief over the terrible losses of war, his determination to protect and preserve Australia and the decline in his own health under the pressure of leadership made him a very human and caring figure. He was the antithesis of the more aggressive figures strutting the war-torn stages of the world from 1939 to 1945. Curtin's battle with Winston Churchill to bring Australian troops back to defend their homeland, his call to the US and his relationship with General Douglas MacArthur in the battle to save Australia