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Memento : Issue 17
18 memento may 2001 The Great Depression only lasted a few years, but its impact on Australia was long and devastating.The Scullin Government was two days old when the crash of the New York Stock Exchange in 1929 heralded the start of unemployment and misery for many people.The political ramifications were just as dramatic and led to the defeat of the Scullin Government two years later. Our latest research guide, Working for the Dole: Commonwealth Relief during the Great Depression, lists and describes records in our collection that document the effects the Great Depression had on Australia, its people and its governments. Compiled by Don Fraser, a historian with a special interest in the social history of working people, the guide deals with the response by the Scullin Government, and later the Lyons Government, to the crisis caused by profound economic depression. Dark days Road building was one kind of relief work offered to the unemployed during the Depression. This scene, captured by government photographer Jack Mildenhall, shows worker s building roads in the national capital, 1929. NAA: A3560, 5122 If you're connected to the Internet, you can now view Memento online. By the time you receive this printed copy, an electronic version of Memento will be available on our website. You may also subscribe to an email service which will alert you when each new issue is posted on the site. Of course, for those who prefer it, we will continue to print issues of Memento as usual. Check out the electronic version of the January and May issues under 'Publications' on our website at www.naa.gov.au. on the dole The Scullin Labor Government was committed to a policy of 'good business practice', which gave greater priority to ensuring the continued solvency of the Australian economy than to resolving the unemployment woes of the nation's people. Response to the policy was dramatic, with rioting in the streets of Darwin and Adelaide, Western Australia's attempt to secede from the Federation, and the refusal by JT Lang, Labor Premier of New South Wales, to pay interest on loans raised on overseas money markets. Working for the Dole is available for $10.00 (plus $3.50 postage) by phoning Publications Sales on (02) 6212 3609, emailing firstname.lastname@example.org or visiting any of our offices.