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Memento : Issue 21
112 memento september 2002 Herzfeld and others were kept for a long time in Australian camps that were dominated by German Nazis, who celebrated Germany's military victories and the Führer's birthday and greeted each other with 'Heil Hitler!' -- under the watchful eyes of their Australian Army guards. The interned anti-Nazis often appreciated that the Australian authorities were afraid of fifth columnists, or enemy sympa- thisers. They were less appreciative that their internment lasted for several years while they did everything possible to demonstrate their loyalty to the British Empire. And they could not understand at all why they were interned together with their enemies. Herzfeld's story is just one of many that Dr Klaus Neumann, our 2001 Frederick Watson Fellow, unearthed during his time at the National Archives. Dr Neumann researched the Tatura Internment Camp, 1943. Image is portion of Australian War Memorial negative number 052384. Paul Herzfeld came to Australia in 1939 at the age of 21. An Austrian monarchist and committed anti-Nazi, he tried to enlist in the RAAF to join the fight against Germany. But the Australian authorities considered him a potential danger and interned him for more than four years, first in Tatura in northern Victoria, and then in Loveday, South Australia. During World War II, Australian authorities interned numerous 'enemy aliens', including Germans, Italians and Japanese. Many of the German internees were long-time residents of Australia -- and many were members or sympathisers of the Nazi party. But Australian internment camps also held thousands of refugees who had fled Nazi Germany. Living behind Living behind 'Austrians like myself ... who stood up for the independence of their country found themselves publicly blamed ... Jews ... were exposed to blasphemous offences in official speeches of leading Nazis.' Internee V2083, Paul Herzfeld, in a letter to Justice Norman O'Bryan, 25 February 1941